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  • 氢气发生器的故障分析
  • 本站编辑:上孰机电设备(上海)有限公司发布日期:2017-11-06 11:25 浏览次数:

1.发生器不能启动

The 1. generator cannot start

故障原因:(1)电路没有接通;(2)氢气开关电源损坏;(3)在压力为0空载运行时电解池烧坏。

The fault reason is: (1) the circuit is not connected; (2) the hydrogen switch power supply is damaged; (3) when the pressure is 0 no-load operation, the electrolytic cell burns out.

检查方法:(1)检查电路;(2)用万用表测量电解池的电压是否在2.3V左右。

Inspection method: (1) check circuit; (2) use multimeter to measure whether the voltage of electrolytic cell is about 2.3V.

排除方法:(1)修理电源;(2)更换损坏的氢气开关电源;(3)更换电解池。

Elimination method: (1) repair power supply; (2) replace the damaged hydrogen switching power supply; (3) replace the electrolytic cell.

2.产氢达不到预定的压力,氢气数显显示在500ml/min以上,即仪器显示量超出实际使用量较大

2. hydrogen production can not reach the predetermined pressure, the hydrogen digital display is more than 500ml / min, that is, the amount of instrument display exceeds the actual use

故障原因:(1)气路系统漏气;(2)过滤器或过滤器上盖没有拧紧;(3)氢气电解池反漏。

The cause of the failure is: (1) gas system leakage; (2) the filter or filter upper cover is not tightened; (3) hydrogen electrolytic tank reverse leakage.

检查方法:用检漏液检测各气路连接处。 排除方法:(1)更换漏气元件;(2)拧紧漏气点;(3)联系厂家更换电解池。

Inspection methods: leak detection liquid to detect the gas road junction. Elimination methods: (1) change the leakage components; (2) tighten the leak point; (3) contact the manufacturer to replace the electrolytic cell.

3.产氢超过预定的压力0.1MPa

3. hydrogen production exceeds the predetermined pressure 0.1MPa

故障原因:(1)自动跟踪装置挡光板错位或脱落;(2)光电耦合损坏。

Fault: (1) automatic tracking device of barndoor dislocation or fall off; (2) photoelectric coupling damage.

检查方法:(1)目测;(2)用万用表测量电路。

Inspection method: (1) visual inspection; (2) measuring circuit with multimeter.

排除方法:(1)前面板上的压力达到0.3MPa时关闭电源,把挡光板安装在合理的位置上,打开电源开关轻轻敲紧挡光板即可;(2)更换损坏的光电耦合元件。

Method: (1) turn off the power on the front panel when the pressure reached 0.3MPa, the light blocking plate is arranged in a reasonable position, turn the power switch and tap tight baffle can; (2) replacing the photoelectric coupling element damage.

4.发生器能启动但氢气的数显显示为0或黑屏。

The 4. generator can start, but the digital display of hydrogen is 0 or black screen.

故障原因:数字显示表损坏。

Cause of failure: digital display table damage.

检查方法:用万用表测量电路。

Inspection method: use multimeter to measure circuit.

排除方法:更换数字显示表。

Elimination method: replace digital display table.

5.开机后,产氢量达不到300ml/min或需要很长时间才能达到

5. after start-up, hydrogen production is less than 300ml / min, or it takes a long time to reach

故障原因:(1)电解液失效;(2)开关没有旋紧,有漏气现象。

Failure reasons: (1) electrolyte failure; (2) the switch is not tightened, there is a leak phenomenon.

检查方法:(1)观察电解液的液面是否低于下限或电解液使用半年以上;(2)试漏。

Inspection method: (1) to observe whether the liquid level of electrolyte is lower than the lower limit or the electrolyte is used for more than half a year; (2) test leakage.

排除方法:(1)及时添加二次蒸馏水或去离子水。或将新配置的冷却后电解液(母液)倒人储液桶内,再加入二次蒸馏水或去离子水,水位在水位线上下限之间(氢氧化钾溶液的浓度为l0%左右),拧上外盖,10min后即可使用;(2)继续旋紧开关,使仪器的压力和流量达标。

Exclusion method: (1) add two distilled water or deionized water in time. Or will the new configuration after cooling the electrolyte (mother liquor) is poured into the liquid storage barrel, adding two times distilled water or deionized water, the water level in the water level line between the lower limit (the concentration of KOH solution was about l0%), twist the outer cover, can be used after 10min; (2) continue to tighten the pressure switch flow and standard.

6.开机使用后,产氢量无法稳定,一直在小范围内波动

6. after using, hydrogen production can not be stable, has been in a small range fluctuations

故障原因:电解液失效。

Failure reason: electrolyte failure.

检查方法:观察电解液的液面是否低于下限或电解液使用半年以上。

Inspection method: observe whether the liquid level of electrolyte is lower than the lower limit or the electrolyte is used for more than half a year.

排除方法:新配置l0%的氢氧化钾电解液进行更换或加水。

Elimination method: new l0% potassium hydroxide electrolyte is replaced or added water.

7.开机后,产氢量从几十ml/min缓慢增长,其压力无法在5arin时间内达到0。3MPa

7. after the start-up, hydrogen production from a few ml / min slow growth, the pressure can not reach 0 in 5arin time.  3MPa

故障原因:电解池漏。

Failure reason: electrolytic cell leakage.

检查方法:目测。

Method of inspection: visual inspection.

排除方法:(1)电解池用台钳夹紧后上紧螺丝;(2)密封处用平面密封胶粘牢;(3)无法修复的机械损坏,要更换电解池。

Method: (1) cell vise clamped to tighten the screws; (2) the seal plane sealant glued; (3) can not repair the mechanical damage, to replace the electrolytic cell.

8.仪器腐蚀严重无法使用

8. corrosion is serious and cannot be used

故障原因:(1)搬运时未将电解液用吸耳球吸干净;(2)未将内盖及外盖拧好,使残留的电解液在运输时外溢。

Fault: (1) when handling without the electrolyte by a sucking ball suction clean; (2) the inner and outer lid, the residual electrolyte spill during transportation.

检查方法:目测。

Method of inspection: visual inspection.

排除方法:更换仪器。</P>氢气发生器的安装和使用

Elimination method: change the instrument. Installation and use of </P> hydrogen generator

(一)启动前的准备:

(1) preparation before start up:

1、将仪器从包装箱内取出,检查有无因运输不当而损坏,核对仪器备件,合格证及保修卡是否齐全。并准备以下物品:300mg KOH和硅胶干燥粒若干公斤,玻璃搅拌棒1个,500ml 玻璃容器1个

1. Take the instrument out of the packing box, check whether it is damaged due to improper transportation, check the spare parts of the instrument, whether the certificate and warranty card are complete. And prepare the following items: 300mg KOH and silica gel dried grain several kilograms, glass mixing rod 1, 500ml glass container 1

2、加电解液:

2. Add electrolyte:

①、取出备件中氢氧化钾全部倒入一容器内,然后加入二次蒸馏水或去离子水500毫升作为母液,充分搅拌等电解液完全冷却后待用。

First, the potassium hydroxide in the spare parts is removed into a container, then two times distilled water or deionized water 500 ml are used as mother liquor, and the electrolyte is fully stirred.

②、打开储液桶外盖,取出内盖。(内盖是为运输时防止漏液,使用时不得带内盖运行)将内盖保存好,以便再次运输时使用。

The liquid storage barrel, open the cover, remove the cover. (cover for transportation to prevent leakage, when used without inner operation) will cover preservation, for use during the transportation.

③、将冷却后的电解液(母液)倒入储液桶内,然后再加入二次蒸

Third, the cooling electrolyte (mother liquor) into the liquid storage tank, and then add two times steaming

馏水或去离子水,不要超过上限水位线, 也不要低于下限水位

Distilled water or deionized water, do not exceed the upper limit water level, or lower than the lower limit water level

线。拧上外盖,10分钟后即可使用。

Line。 Twist the outer cover, can be used after 10 minutes.

(二)仪器自检

(two) instrument self checking

1、接通电源。

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1. Switch on the power.

2、打开电源开关,此时仪器压力表开始上升,检查仪器面

2, open the power switch, at this time the instrument pressure gauge began to rise, check the instrument surface

板上电解指示(绿灯)发亮,流量指示(指针表)应指示在1000左右,在5分钟内压力指示(压力表)应达到0.4MPa,指针指示降至“0”, 说明仪器系统工作正常,自检合格。

Board indicates electrolytic (green) shiny, flow indicator (pointer table) should be instructed in about 1000, indicating the pressure in 5 minutes (pressure meter) should reach 0.4MPa, pointer to "0", it shows that the instrument system is working properly, self qualified.

3、如在5分钟后,流量指示还在“1000”,压力指示在“0”, 说明开关没有旋紧有漏气现象,请继续旋紧开关,使仪器的压力、流量达到合格标准。

3, such as 5 minutes later, the flow indicator is still "1000", the pressure is indicated in "0", indicating that the switch is not tightened, there is a leak phenomenon, please continue to tighten the switch, so that the instrument pressure, flow to meet the eligibility criteria.

4、仪器使用时应注意流量指示是否与色谱仪用气量一致,如流量指示超出色谱仪实际用量较大时,应停机检漏,其方法参照仪器的故障原因与排除方法进行调整,再用自检方法检查合格后方可使用。

4, the instrument should be paid attention to when using flow indicating whether the gas chromatograph is consistent with, such as flow instructions beyond the actual chromatograph amount is larger, should stop the leak detection, fault methods according to instrument adjustment and troubleshooting, and self checking method inspection qualified rear can use.

5、定期检查过滤器中的硅胶是否变色,如变色请马上更换或再生。其方法为,拧下过滤器,再拧开过滤器上盖,更换硅胶后拧紧过滤器上盖,

5. Regularly check whether the silica gel in the filter is discolored, such as discoloration, immediately replace or regenerate. The method is to unscrew the filter, then unscrew the top cover of the filter, replace the silica gel and tighten the top cover of the filter,